THE GAS PIPELINE WAR:
ON SEVERAL GEOPOLITICAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE TANAP AND TURKISH STREAM PROJECTS

Valeria GANDZHUMIAN


Valeria Gandzhumian, Ph.D. Candidate at the Department of World Politics and International Relations, Russian-Armenian (Slavic) University (Erevan, Armenia)


ABSTRACT

The current stage in international relations is characterized by rapid intensification of competition in the energy sphere. The Russian-Ukrainian gas crisis of 2008-2009, as well as the conflict around Ukraine at the current stage are pushing energy supply security, one of the most important concepts in scientific literature, into the foreground. The primary importance of this concept in the increasingly unstable and rapidly changing global economy is promoting the creation of new geopolitical and geo-economic advantages for the transit countries. Moreover, uninterrupted production and safe transportation of oil and natural gas are becoming important for guaranteeing the stability of the largest economies.

This article looks at the ways to diversify gas deliveries to Europe, the geopolitical consequences of and Europes reaction to implementation of the Turkish Stream gas pipeline, and Turkey becoming the largest transit country and most important gas hub for Europe. Identifying and studying the above topics will be beneficial for drawing up a pragmatic policy that meets current reality.

Keywords: Turkish Stream, TANAP, EU Energy Union, Southern Gas Corridor, route diversification, energy security, Turkey, Russia, the EU.

Introduction

It is no easy task to assess the effectiveness of a particular event, especially keeping in mind the lack of advantages from a retrospective view. Nevertheless, using the arsenal of theoretical analysis, we will try to examine the latest events relating to cancellation of the South Stream gas pipeline project and its replacement with the new Turkish Stream gas pipeline project, as well as Europes hurried steps to advance the Southern Gas Corridor project in response.

During his visit to Turkey on 1 December, 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced out of the blue that the South Stream project would be cancelled and replaced with a new project called the Turkish Stream. This gas pipeline is to establish a new gas delivery route from Russia to.


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