PROSPECTS FOR REGIONAL COOPERATION IN CENTRAL ASIA AS SEEN TODAY

Chinara ESENGUL, Sheradil BAKTYGULOV, Asel DOOLOTKELDIEVA, Bermet IMANALIEVA


Chinara Esengul, Ph.D. (Political Science), Deputy Director, National Institute of Strategic Studies of the Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)

Sheradil Baktygulov, Expert, National Institute of Strategic Studies of the Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)

Asel Doolotkeldieva, Ph.D. Candidate, Faculty of Political Studies and International Relations, University of Exeter (Devon, U.K.)

Bermat Imanalieva, Research Associate, National Institute of Strategic Studies of the Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)


ABSTRACT

The authors sum up the results of studies of regional cooperation in Central Asia and identify its main positive and negative factors. They assess, in particular, the political, economic, and cultural-humanitarian aspects of the present state of regional cooperation in Central Asia, analyze the problems related to border and water-energy issues, concentrate on the role the Kyrgyz Republic plays in regional cooperation, and point to its most promising trends.

Keywords: regional cooperation, Central Asia, prospects, economic cooperation, political cooperation, cultural-humanitarian cooperation, factors of cooperation.

Introduction

Is Central Asia an integral region? What factors promote/interfere with regional cooperation? These are highly topical questions calling for profound investigation. This article is based on the report""=d Regional Cooperation as a Factor of Peace and Security in Central Asia: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects prepared by the National Institute of Strategic Studies of the Kyrgyz Republic for the U.N. Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA).

The answers to the questions formulated above require a trip into the early post-Soviet period when, in 1993, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan signed a treaty on setting up an economic union, the..


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