ISLAM: LOCAL TRADITIONS AND INNOVATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF RUSSIA
Vakhit AKAEV, Magomed SOLTAMURADOV
Vakhid Akaev, Leading Research Associate, Integrated Scientific and Research Institute, RAS; Professor at the UNESCO Chair of Comparative Studies of Spiritual Traditions, their Specific Cultures and Interreligious Dialog for the Northern Caucasus (St. Petersburg), Academician, Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Magomed Soltanmuradov, Assistant Professor, State University of Chechnia, Associate at the Sector of Philosophy and Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Islam, rooted in the diverse centuries-old religious beliefs, customs, traditions, and historical and cultural values typical of different regions of Russia, is inevitably different. The Northern Caucasus, where Islam differs from one ethnicity to another, is no exception. Islam in Daghestan, among the Chechens, Ingush, Kabardians, and Karachays, as well as among the Tatars of Tatarstan and the Bashkirs of Bashkortostan on the Volga shores, has many local specifics. The Islamic revival in Russia launched by the Gorbachev perestroika in the Soviet Union and continued in post-Soviet Russia has brought new Islamic trends into the limelight known as Wahhabism and Salafism (more frequently described as Islamic radicalism).
Keywords: Islam, Sufism, tariqats, traditional Islam, madhhabs, Salafism, Wahhabism, extremist groups.