RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE AS A FACTOR OF SPIRITUAL SECURITY IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

Andrei RUDENKO, Victoria KOTLYAROVA, Elena POLOZHENKOVA, Marina SHUBINA, Yuri SHESTAKOV, Galina MOGILEVSKAYA, Olga SYSOEVA


Andrei Rudenko, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy, History and World Religions, Don State Technical University (Shakhty Branch, Rostov Region, Russian Federation)

Viktoria Kotlyarova, D.Sc. (Philos.), Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, History and World Religions, Don State Technical University (Shakhty Branch, Rostov Region, Russian Federation)

Elena Polozhenkova, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, Department of Philosophy, History and World Religions, Don State Technical University (Shakhty Branch, Rostov Region, Russian Federation)

Marina Shubina, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, Department of Philosophy, History and World Religions, Don State Technical University (Shakhty Branch, Rostov Region, Russian Federation)

Yuri Shestakova, Ph.D. (Hist.), Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, History and World Religions, Don State Technical University (Shakhty Branch, Rostov Region, Russian Federation)

Galina Mogilevskaya, Ph.D. (Philos.), Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, History and World Religions, Don State Technical University (Shakhty Branch, Rostov Region, Russian Federation)

Olga Sysoeva, Ph.D. (Sociol.), Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, History and World Religions, Don State Technical University (Shakhty Branch, Rostov Region, Russian Federation)


ABSTRACT

Spiritual security and the ways and means of ensuring it have moved to the fore in the humanitarian discourse. Religious tolerance is an obvious answer and one of the ways to oppose threats in the spiritual (religious) sphere. This is especially important in Russia, a poly-confessional country with over 70 confessions and followers spread far and wide across its territory. The South of Russia in general and the Northern Caucasus in particular demand special attention in the spiritual/religious sphere. Our studies are based on methodologies designed to identify the main imperatives of tolerance that underlie the harmonization and optimization of inter-confessional relations in the South of Russia. We have relied on the integral interdisciplinary method, which includes several approaches: culturological, philosophical, sociological, and theological. The centuries-old religious tradition in Russian society has been and remains a source of morality; it guarantees cultural continuity and stability of both society and the state.

Today, in the context of spiritual and moral rejuvenation, religion is gaining more authority among the countrys population. Islamic revival in places of compact Muslim settlement in the Northern Caucasus is a complicated or even contradictory process. In Islam, religion and politics cannot be separated; this means that religion and its maddhabs are extremely politicized and to neutralize extremist propaganda, which abuses religion, so as to make it one of the arguments, we should elaborate a methodology based on the principle of tolerance. We need a new approach to religious education of the Muslims to reveal to them the erroneous nature of the radical interpretations of their religion; the interconfessional dialog should receive a new lease on life; young people should be taught patriotism (this equally applies to both the Muslim and the Orthodox youth). The dialog between the members of different religions should be geared at overcoming mistrust, pushing aside stereotypes, and achieving unity when dealing with common problems. This means that the dialog should be based on traditional common values that lead to the mutual spiritual enrichment of cultures. The tolerance potential in the Northern Caucasus is great, which is confirmed by the regions rich cultural tradition. The history of the Northern Caucasus teaches us that tolerance needs a flexible and balanced combination of political, spiritual, and social factors, as well as the use of force to ensure security, while paying maximum attention to the regions specifics, as well as religion and the customs of the local population based on the policy of national reconciliation through a dialog between the Christians and moderate Muslims.

Keywords: spirituality, spiritual security, religion, tolerance, religious extremism, opposing extremism.


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