DEMOCRATIC TRANSIT IN THE SOUTH CAUCASIAN COUNTRIES
Andrei MORDOVTSEV, Alexey MAMYCHEV, Tatyana MORDOVTSEVA, Mikhail MIRZORIN
Andrei Mordovtsev, D.Sc. (Law), Professor, Taganrog Institute of Management and Economics (Taganrog, Russian Federation)
Alexey Mamychev, D.Sc. (Political Science), Ph.D. in Law, Assistant Professor, Head of the Department of Theory and History of Russian and Foreign Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service (Vladivostok, Russian Federation)
Tatyana Mordovtseva, D.Sc. (Culturology), Professor, Taganrog Institute of Management and Economics (Taganrog, Russian Federation)
Mikhail Mirzorin, Senior Lecturer, Department of Criminal Law and Procedure, Taganrog Institute of Management and Economics (Taganrog, Russian Federation)
The authors present the specific aspects of the emergence of transit states in the Southern Caucasus; they study the nature of legal information in the broad sociocultural context and identify its specifics and social value in the contemporary world. In the 1990s, the post-Soviet region became a scene of reforms of the political system as a whole and each of the institutions of state power in particular. It is important, therefore, to identify the role of the state power structures in the current democratic changes and the consolidation of democratic forces. A transfer from any form of authoritarianism to democracy represents a trend in social and political development typical of many countries in the twentieth and early twenty-first century. The models of democratic transit are rooted in the experience of different countries generalized by contemporary political science. This requires an in-depth study of the political transit in the post-Soviet region and the democratic transit in the Southern Caucasus in particular. The post-Soviet region exhibits numerous diverse democratization processes specified by historical contexts. It is important, therefore, to identify the general and the specific in the political processes going on in the post-Soviet region and the priorities of democratic development in each of the post-Soviet republics. We must specify the stages of democratization and the trends in the changes occurring in each specific country, taking due account of its historical conditions. As a federative state, Russia demonstrates very specific forms of political transit; the same can be said about Ukraine, which neighbors on the West, and about the Central Asian countries, which belong to the Eastern civilization. The intensity of the political changes occurring in the post-Soviet region, the diverse political processes, and their different directions and levels explain why the studies to date have been unable to give an unequivocal description of the democratic transit. This means that the theoretical and methodological paradigms of the theory of the political process should be specified in the transit context.
Keywords: transition, transit countries, political science, post-Soviet region, civilized society, the Southern Caucasus.