POLITICAL STRATIFICATION WITHIN THE ELITES (A NORTH CAUCASIAN CASE STUDY)
Ali SALGIRIEV, Maret BETILMERZAEVA, Vakha GAZIEV, Magomed SOLTAMURADOV
Ali Salgiriev, Ph.D. (Political Science), Chief Researcher, Sector of Philosophy and Sociology, Institute of Humanitarian Studies, Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Maret Betilmerzaeva, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, Department of Philosophy, Political Science and Sociology, Chechen State Pedagogical University (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Vakha Gaziev, Ph.D. (Political Science), Assistant Professor, Department of History, Geopolitics and Political Science, Chechen State University (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Magomed Soltamuradov, Ph.D. (Philos.), Assistant Professor, Department of History, Geopolitics and Political Science, Chechen State University; Chief Researcher, Sector of Philosophy and Sociology, Institute of Humanitarian Studies, Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Political stratification of the elites is a subject that has been little studied. This article attempts to systemize and rank the North Caucasian elites in terms of their impact on the political process. The political system in the region is based on a multitude of fairly archaic and traditional structural-functional mechanisms; this makes identification and ranking a far from banal and, therefore, very needed task. We analyze the political-administrative, religious and business elites, the role of the mass media, human rights activists, and the opposition in the political process and identify the main destructive trends in what the elites are doing, as well as their impact on the region’s social and political context. We describe the structure of the regional parliaments, size of the factions, and the ratings and indices of democratization. We pay particular attention to ethnogenesis, outbreaks of religious radicalism, and the specifics of the institutionalization of business elites, and identify the main factors conducive to political, social, and economic destabilization in the Northern Caucasus.
Keywords: Russia, the Northern Caucasus, stratification, political stratification, actors, political process, elites, political elites, religious elites, business elites, opposition, human rights activists, the media, tension, conflicts, crime.