ANALYSIS OF THE PROTEST MOOD IN THE WESTERN REGION OF KAZAKHSTAN

Kadyrzhan SMAGULOV, Gulnar NASIMOVA


Kadyrzhan Smagulov, Ph.D. (Political Science), Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science at Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (Almaty, Kazakhstan)

Gulnar Nasimova, D.Sc. (Political Science), Head, Department of Political Science at Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (Almaty, Kazakhstan)


ABSTRACT

Since 2011, Kazakhstan has been riddled with terrorist acts, whereby the countrys western region has become the hotbed of this activity. And whereas the first terrorist acts involved the murder of representatives of the defense and security structures, in 2016, the terrorists in Aktobe (Western Kazakhstan) chose gun shops and a military base as their targets. This shows the striving of terrorist groups to get their hands on weapons of war, as well as the growing radical mood in their ranks. The terrorist acts in Aktobe this year occurred on the rising wave of protest among the people of Kazakhstan against the governments initiative to sell and rent land to foreign citizens. This protest was also aggravated by the general drop in the populations standard of living due to the global economic crisis. It is also caused by the problems in Kazakhstans economy, such as the cutback in industrial production and export, devaluation of the national currency, increase in inflation, decrease in purchasing power, etc.

This article analyzes why the protest population in Western Kazakhstan has moved toward the use of extreme forceful measures.

Keywords: terrorist acts, Western Kazakhstan, protest population, radicalization.


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