ETHNOPOLITICAL INFLUENCE IN REGULATING NATIONAL SECURITY IN BORDER TERRITORIES OF THE COUNTRIES IN THE CAUCASIAN-CASPIAN REGION
Asiet SHADZHE, Irina KARABULATOVA, Rashid KHUNAGOV, Zuriet ZHADE
Asiet Shadzhe, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, Department of Philosophy and Sociology, Adyghe State University (Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation)
Irina Karabulatova, Academician, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences; D.Sc. (Philol.), Professor, Chief Research Associate; Head of the Sector of Ethnopolitical and Sociocultural Security and Communication Technologies, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Rashid Khunagov, D.Sc. (Sociol.), Professor, Chancellor of the Adyghe State University (Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation)
Zuriet Zhade, D.Sc. (Political Science), Professor, Head of the Department of State and Law Theory and Political Science, Adyghe State University (Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation)
The authors’ hypothesis affirms the assumption that ethnosocial considerations are one of the reasons of negative features in ethnopolitics, impairing state security. This dynamic is mainly characteristic of frontier regions. Besides the ethnic structure, of considerable significance for potential ethnopolitical threats to national security of Russia are such factors as religion and geopolitics. Ethnopolitics, religion and geopolitics are capable of creating conditions for strengthening their combined influence on national security in the border territories of Russia, which occurs, for example, in the Republic of Daghestan. In this frontier region of Russia, the resulting vector of ethnopolitics, religion and geopolitics generates a wide range of threats to national security of the Russian Federation that is expressed in a high level of terrorist activity, propagation of religious extremism, displays of ethnic separatism, etc. The authors believe it appropriate to analyze the particular features of ethnopolitical influence on national security issues in the boundary areas of the countries in the Caspian region. There are a lot of reasons for referencing the experience of the Caspian states: the availability both of different and similar features of their border demographics with that of Russia, particularly in the ethnopolitical aspect; the sharing of Russia’s past with histories of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, which has affected their ethnic structure, especially in border territories; the further growth of the geopolitical value of the region, effected by the international agreements of 2015 on removal of economic, military, political and other sanctions from Iran; other countries’ attempts to realize their political and economic aspirations in the Caspian region that affect the interests of all the Caspian states, et al. Ensuring ethnic security in the Caucasian-Caspian border regions depends on ethnopolitical conditions, as well as the influence of transboundary factors formed in the frontier territories of the neighboring states of the Caucasian-Caspian region. Considering the importance, from the geopolitical standpoint, of the geographic location of the Daghestan and Chechen Republics, features of their ethnic structure, main religious preferences of the population, the authors consider the frontier territories of the Federation as most indicative of the influence of ethnic policy on national security in the border regions of Russia, eliciting research interest in the region as a whole.
Keywords: the Caucasian-Caspian region, geopolitics, political stability, religious views, ethnosocial processes.