INDIA-PAKISTAN-AFGHANISTAN ECONOMIC COOPERATION: A THEORETICAL APPROACH TO REGIONAL INTEGRATION
Ahmed Mehboob, Ph.D. (Political Science), Research Scholar in the Center of Central Asian Studies, University of Kashmir (Hazratbal Srinagar, India)
The paper stands on the premise that interstate acrimony following jingoistic nationalism has turned India, Pakistan and Afghanistan into mutual enemies, who continue to subordinate their national developmental policies to the security complexes, which has exacerbated their mutual hatred to the point beyond repair. It also presents a testable preposition that such a predicament can be countered by globalization optimism, to which interstate cooperation, soft borders and contacts between people are the prerequisites. Such objectives can be realized only through regional and economic integration, whose concept and implementation have worked successfully in Europe and have been extensively debated by many theorists from security, economic, scientific and cultural perspectives. Apart from theoretical and historical studies, the paper is based on the inputs, gathered from various organizations and influential stakeholders during my recent field trip to Pakistan.
Keywords: India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, region, cooperation, low politics.