MIGRATION FROM CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES TO RUSSIA AND KAZAKHSTAN IN THE CONTEXT OF INTEGRATION PROCESSES IN THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION FORMAT
Sergey RYAZANTSEV, Igor BOGDANOV, Valentina DOBROKHLEB, Artyom LUKYANETS
Sergey Ryazantsev, D.Sc. (Econ.), Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, Head of the Center of Social Demography, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences; Professor at RUDN University and MGIMO University, Head of the Laboratory of Demographic Studies “NIU BelGU” (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Igor Bogdanov, D.Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Chief Research Officer at the Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Valentina Dobrokhleb, D.Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Chief Research Officer at the Institute of Social and Economic Studies of Population, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Artyom Lukyanets, Ph.D. (Econ.), Senior Research Officer at the Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
This article examines migration from Central Asian countries to Russia and Kazakhstan in the context of integration processes within the EAEU. There exist large and stable migration corridors between Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan, on the one hand, and Russia and Kazakhstan, on the other. Migration from these countries to Russia and Kazakhstan, which is second in scale only to migration from Mexico to the United States, has serious political, social, economic, and demographic impacts both on the migrants’ native countries and on the countries they come to. People seeking work abroad make up the bulk of this human stream. However, labor migration becomes intertwined with, or transformed into, other forms of cross-border movements such as moving abroad for permanent residence or for marrying a foreign citizen. Quite often, going to Russia or Kazakhstan to work ends up in permanent residence in one of those countries. Many workers from Central Asia have become citizens of Russia or Kazakhstan, which means that they have become successfully integrated into the societies of the two countries.
Keywords: migration, Central Asia, Russia, Kazakhstan, EAEU, interaction, policies.