RELIGION AND STATE: INTERACTION AND SOCIOCULTURAL TRANSFORMATIONS (THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC CASE STUDY)
Maret BETILMERZAEVA, Abdula AKHTAEV, Bastani SADULAEV, Ali SALGIRIEV
Maret Betilmerzaeva, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor at the Department of Philosophy, Political Science, and Sociology, Chechen State Pedagogical University; Professor at the Department of Philosophy, Chechen State University (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Abdula Akhtaev, Ph.D. (Sociol.), Assistant Professor, Head of the Department of History, Geopolitics, and Political Science, Chechen State University (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Bastani Sadulaev, Merited economist of the Chechen Republic, Research Associate, Laboratory of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Kh. Ibragimov Comprehensive Scientific Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (Grozny, Russian Federation)
Ali Salgiriev, Ph.D. (Political Science), Leading Research Associate, Sector of Philosophy and Sociology, Institute of Humanitarian Studies, Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic (Grozny, Russian Federation)
The authors discuss the phenomena of religion and state in the context of various models of their interaction: a tandem, in which they cooperate as social institutions, and the model, in which there is freedom of religion and a political and legal field of conflict resolution, in order to arrive at the analysis of the problems created by the diversity of cultural and religious trends in the world today. They rely on the sociological poll, taken in Chechnia and the Northern Caucasus as a whole to define the sources of religious information.
Keywords: religion, statehood, secularization, transformation, polarization, religious absolutism, religious relativism and religious dialog.