ENDEMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ETHNOCULTURAL INTEGRATION OF THE NORTH CAUCASIANS IN MODERN FRANCE
Irina Babich, D.Sc. (Hist.), Chief Researcher of the Caucasus Department of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
In the 1990s-2010s, a considerable number of people from the Northern Caucasus emigrated from Russia to Europe, mainly Chechens, mostly for political (Chechen wars) and economic reasons. The article is devoted to the specifics of their ethnocultural integration in modern France. The work is done on the basis of materials obtained by the author’s own ethnographic field research conducted in 2015-2016, and is the first trial in the development of the given scientific direction. Examined are: getting work in the new country, learning the language, attitudes regarding French laws, culture and society, formation of the Turkish and North Caucasian people’s milieu in France. Examined are the changes in the cultural life-supporting functions and socionormative (weddings and burials) traditions. With regard to the North Caucasian migrants of the first post-Soviet wave it is possible to speak of the process of adaptation, whereas their children can already be partly viewed as undergoing assimilation, in any case, some typical characteristics are obvious.
Keywords: the Northern Caucasus, Islam, folk traditions, France, laws, family, emigration, the French language, the Russian language, Turkish Circassians.