ETHNOPOLITICAL CONFLICTS IN THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS TODAY
Rashid KHUNAGOV, Svetlana LYAUSHEVA, Asiet SHADZHE, Zuriet ZHADE
Rashid Khunagov, D.Sc. (Sociol.), Professor, Chancellor of the Adyghe State University (Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation)
Svetlana Lyausheva, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, Head of the Department of Post-graduate Education and Academic Theses; Professor at the Department of Philosophy and Sociology, Adyghe State University (Maykop, Republic of Adyghea, Russian Federation)
Asiet Shadzhe, D.Sc. (Philos.), Professor at the Department of Philosophy and Sociology, Adyghe State University (Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation)
Zuriet Zhade, D.Sc. (Political Science), Professor, Head of the Department of State and Law Theory and Political Science, Faculty of Jurisprudence, Adyghe State University (Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation)
Political science, history, economics, linguistics, sociology, literary studies, social psychology and social philosophy, ethics and aesthetics, philosophy of language and logic offer their own, and highly specific reconstruction, and formalization of communication between people. Today, we need common frames of conceptual formalization of an ethnopolitical conflict as a phenomenon; it is a theoretical and cognitive task of Caucasian realities. In the context of the world political process, the region is gradually acquiring the status of the key component of the world’s political and social organization; it is gaining consequence as an element of horizontal structuring of society. Regional conflicts and the ways they can and should be settled have become a permanent element of the agenda of all international organizations, including the OSCE, the U.N., its General Assembly, and the Security Council, and also of the activities of the U.N. Secretary-General, etc. In recent years, the Northern Caucasus has become a zone of vehement ethnic conflicts which, as could be expected, negatively affect its social and political context. Sovereignization of the republics of the South of Russia fragmented the region’s social and political space, increased both latent and apparent national and ethnic tension and led to armed clashes. The events of the recent past and those that are unfolding today have done nothing good for the North Caucasian social and political situation and moved to the forefront the security problems of local people and vacationers. For objective reasons, the region is involved in the Abkhazian and South Ossetian problems and the system of trans-regional ethnic and political relationships. Today, the region is facing a real danger of sliding into an abyss of international terrorism and extremism against the background of tension, created by migration and social upheavals.
Keywords: the Northern Caucasus, ethnopolitical conflicts, regional conflictology, ethnic tension.