Ksenia Borishpolets, Ph.D. (Political Science), assistant professor at the Department of World Political Processes, deputy dean of the Political Science Department, Moscow State Institute (University) of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of Russia (Moscow, Russia)

The beginning of the third millennium is a very difficult time to make an objective assessment of the events going on in the countries and regions of the world. The images of the Great Chess Board, the classical heritage postulates espoused by geopoliticians, the attempts to create new symbols of evil, and the deliberate criticism of democratic principles as a universal political dominant are too often distorting the objective picture of our reality. In this respect, a well-balanced analysis of the electoral processes in the newly independent states of Central Asia is of considerable interest. The significance of the party and personal composition of the power institutions in the regions countries is determined not only by their resource potential, the situation in Afghanistan, and the fight to prevent new threats to international security. Although Central Asia is historically closely related to Russia, today there are several other major foreign political actors in the region who are declaring their interests: the U.S., Turkey, China, Iran, Pakistan, India, and the European Union with its individual countries. Their participation is giving all the political processes going on in the Central Asian republics a comprehensive and de facto global dimension.

Acquiring national sovereignty and achieving development under conditions of post-union statehood have become serious tests for

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