REPUBLIC OF DAGHESTAN: ETHNOPOLITICAL AND ETHNOSOCIAL SITUATION AND THE RECENT CONFLICTS
Olga TSAPIEVA, Tagir MUSLIMOV
Olga Tsapieva, D.Sc. (Econ.), professor, Deputy Director, Institute of Socioeconomic Studies, Daghestanian Scientific Center, RAS (Makhachkala, Russia)
Tagir Muslimov, Ph.D. (Hist.), senior research associate at the Regional Center of Ethnopolitical Studies, Daghestanian Scientific Center, RAS (Makhachkala, Russia)
1. Ethnic and National Conflicts and How the Problems of the Peoples of Daghestan were Addressed in 1990-2000
Daghestan is a unique region of the Russian Federation: its past, culture, polyethnic and poly-confessional nature, climate and landscape, economic and demographic potential, as well as geostrategic and geographic location, set it apart from all the other regions of Russia.
Its specific nature and key role on Russia’s southern borders have made it a special constituent of the Russian Federation.
By the beginning of the democratic changes, the Republic of Daghestan (RD) had accumulated a heavy load of ethnic contradictions and conflicts.
The Soviet policy of moving the highlanders down to the plains, which was carried out insistently and consistently, altered beyond repair the republic’s ethnic composition, which became even more varied and culturally diverse in the plains. Kumyks, Nogays, Chechen-Akkintsy, Azeris, and Russians, who formed compact ethnic groups, found themselves outnumbered by the……………..