ARMED FORCES AND MILITARY REFORM IN KYRGYZSTAN
Nuria Kutnaeva, MS (Polit.), analyst, the Politics, Religion, Security Research Center (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
Following the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, Kyrgyzstan started hastily building its own Armed Forces. Although the Kyrgyz Republic inherited some military units and weapons from the powerful Soviet Empire, it lacked defense infrastructure and efficient command personnel. More than 15 years have passed since then. During this time a national military security system has been put in place, the Armed Forces being its core.
This article considers the status of Kyrgyzstan’s Armed Forces, the evolution of state security policy, and measures to advance military reform in the republic.
1. The Composition and Structure of the Armed Forces
Kyrgyzstan’s Armed Forces comprise ground, naval, air, and air defense units, military agencies and military training establishments, and local military command and control agencies. At present, in accordance with the Military Doctrine of the Kyrgyz Republic (Art 2.12), the Armed Forces of Kyrgyzstan comprise:
1. The Defense Ministry.
2. The Border Service.
3. The Interior Ministry (MVD) Internal Troops.
4. The National Security Service.
5. The Environmental Protection and Emergency Situations Ministry.
6. The National Guard.
7. The State Protection Service.
8. Military Justice Agencies.
Structurally, the Armed Forces include general purpose forces, rapid deployment, rapid reaction and………….