THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC: THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF INTERSTATE COOPERATION IN THE ENERGY SPHERE
Valentina KASYMOVA, Batyrkul BAETOV
Valentina Kasimova, D.Sc. (Econ.), professor at the Boris Yeltsin Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
Batyrkul Baetov, Ph.D. (Econ.), Acting State Secretary, First Deputy of the Minister of Industry, Energy, and Fuel Resources of the Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
1. The Level of Power Production and Interstate Cooperation
Its rich water resources (50 billion cu m of surface runoff a year, 13 billion cu m of potential ground water resources, 1,745 billion cu m of lake water, and 650 billion cu m of glaciers) set the Kyrgyz Republic apart from its neighbors. The region’s largest rivers (the Naryn, 807 km; Chu, 380 km, Talas, 200 km, Saryjaz, Kara Darya, Chatkal, and others that belong to the Syr Darya and Amu Darya basins) form their runoffs in Kyrgyzstan. Its hydropower potential is estimated at 162 billion kWh, or 38 percent of Central Asia’s total; it has not yet been fully tapped: the level does not exceed 8 to 9 percent. The annual hydropower potential of the smaller rivers is between 5 and 8 billion kWh; today the national economy uses only 3 percent. It is believed that non-traditional renewable energy sources may produce 800 million tons of standard fuel. So far, little has been done here either to exploit them to their maximum capacity.
The republic’s hypothetical coal reserves are assessed at over 2 billion tons; the undiscovered reserves of oil and gas are equal to about 289 million tons of standard fuel; today, only a fraction of………………..