Zarif Alizoda, Ph.D. (Law), state justice advisor to the President of the Republic of Tajikistan (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)

The parliamentary system of government as a special political institution with all its principles and values did not become part of the theory and practice of nation-building in the post-Soviet countries, including Tajikistan, until the 1990s. This institution was totally alien to the Soviet state power system, which declared many of its features bourgeois and reactionary. After all, the Soviet system believed the bourgeois state machinery and the whole of pre-socialist statehood to be exploitative and in opposition to the interests of the working people. This was why the U.S.S.R. did not accept anything created in the theory and practice of the parliamentary system before the October Revolution.

In this respect, Soviet power was built on ideas and principles that were contradictory to the bourgeois organization of power. This in turn led to recognizing everything good and bad accumulated over the centuries as being alien to the interests of the proletariat.

The Soviets of Peoples Deputies elected by the people were considered a manifestation of their sovereignty, bodies authorized to decide the most important issues of state-, economy-, and social culture-building.

The higher state power body of the Republic of Tajikistan (as in other Soviet republics) was the Supreme Soviet authorized to decide all the issues within the republics jurisdiction. These powers included supervising all issues relating to state-, economy-, and social culture-building, as well as forming executive, administrative, and control bodies subordinate to it. At the same time, sovereignty of the people and their representative bodies was formal, unrealistic, and confined to paper. In actual fact, the C.P.S.U. and its structures in the regions supervised all spheres of public and state life.

The democratic processes and changes that occurred at the end of Soviet societys existence brought these defects to the surface, and attempts were made to correct the situation. For example, the resolution of the C.P.S.U. Central Committee of 25 July, 1986 On Further Improvement of Party Leadership in the Soviets of Peoples Deputies, as well as..

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