TAJIKISTAN: SPECIAL FEATURES OF COOPERATION WITH LEADING INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ORGANIZATIONS
Farrukh Umarov, Chief specialist of the Department of Foreign Policy and Foreign Economic Development of the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)
There are currently several dozen legal and illegal international Islamic organizations in the world which differ in structure, goals, level of representation, and spheres and forms of activity. Tajikistan is a member of more than 20 international organizations, including regional, and closely cooperates with such prestigious legal Islamic structures as:
The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC);
The Islamic Development Bank (IDB);
The Islamic Education Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO);
The Imamate of Ismailites—the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN);
The Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
Moreover, an illegal international Islamic organization Hizb ut-Tahrir-al-Islami—the Party of Islamic Liberation (HTI)—operates in Tajikistan.
It should be noted that scientists and analysts have still not clarified the relations between international Islamic organizations and Tajikistan, the role of these organizations in settling conflicts and ensuring security, or in creating a destabilized situation, as well as in the country’s socioeconomic development. Nor have studies dealt with the question of the political activity of these organizations.
The goals of the Organization of the Islamic Conference reflect the new reality that has emerged in the Islamic world and international community as a whole since the day this organization was created. These goals include multifaceted cooperation among Muslim states based on religious solidarity aimed at resolving the most important problems, including ensuring the national security of these countries. The creation of the OIC is more a story of establishing mechanisms to prevent religious extremism, fundamentalism, and radicalism, rather than promoting solidarity. One of the main reasons its founding states created the OIC was to express their rejection of the ideas and practice of religious extremism, fundamentalism, and radicalism. For example, Saudi Arabia believes these manifestations to be destructive and………..