Vladlen MAKUKH

Vladlen Makukh, Researcher at the Regional Branch of the National Institute of Strategic Research (Odessa, Ukraine)


Relations with the European Union within the framework of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) are extremely important for the European integration of its partner countries. So researchers can glean something from the experience accumulated in the East European and Caucasian countries relations with the European Union within the framework of the ENP. This article looks at how a corresponding balance is being found in Ukraines and the Caucasian countries relations with the EU based on the results of the European Neighborhood Policy in the Arab Maghreb states (at the EU-Morocco, EU-Tunisia, and EU-Algeria levels).

For reference: the EU is cooperating with 16 countries within the framework of the European Neighborhood Policy: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia, and Ukraine.

Despite its pertinence, the problem of finding a corresponding balance in relations with the EU within the framework of the ENP has still not been reliably covered in the scientific literature. This article aims to conduct a comparative analysis of the dynamics of the Euro-integration processes in the member states of the European Neighborhood Policy, as well as make use of the experience of the individual countries in implementing partnership programs with the European Union.

It should be noted that the desire to prevent the appearance of new dividing lines as the European Union expanded and avoid a security vacuum in the regions next door to the EU was the main motivating factor behind the ENP. The ENPs guiding principle is differentiation, that is, the need to keep in mind the specific situation in certain countries of Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean and the level of relations with them. The ENP is based on the support (particularly in the economic sphere) of the member states bordering on the European Union. In this way, the new EU policy replaced the MEDA and MEDA-2 programs that rendered financial aid to certain branches of the economy in the Maghreb countries.

Bilateral Programs: Essence and Main Objectives

Economic integration of the neighboring states after the creation of a free trade zone in industry and agriculture, as well as in the service sphere, needs to gradually become fully harmonized in commerce and legislationin particular with respect to technical regulations, competitive and industrial policy, cooperation in scientific and technological research studies, property rights, correlation of customs provisions which would make it easier to carry out reciprocal exchange, training of management personnel, efficient management, and tax measures.

The European Commission is paying a great amount of attention to the problems of human rights and jurisprudence and is continuing to provide support and cooperation in modernizing the judicial system and guaranteeing human rights. The EU is trying to expand the channels of.

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