Ghelman Akhmedov, Senior lecturer, National University of Uzbekistan (Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

National communities create corresponding national consciousnesses, which means that the number of nations living on Earth corresponds to the number of national consciousnesses. Every nation has national consciousness, which means that it thinks. As a thinking entity it determines the way its national features are developed in all, including spiritual, spheres. It produces thoughts, regulates their production, and distributes them. The fact that national consciousness has its own components is its specific feature; they reflect the national conditions of life, national interests, and national relations and, therefore, determine the content of national consciousness. It serves as the core of consciousness that keeps alive the faith that ones nation is capable of independent national creativity and of historically conditioned interpretation of its national and state sovereignty. So far most of the worlds nationalities have no national statehood of their own, which means that for a long time to come ethnic awareness will determine political dynamics.

Elements of alien consciousnesses invariably affect (negatively or positively) all functioning national consciousnesses. The most active among them are of universal significance. They can be described as elements related to the need to develop civil societies, the structure of which exceeds the limits of ethnic identity and is kept together by shared civil interests.

The Idea of National Independence: The Key Concepts and Principles of Uzbekistan (Miliy istiklol goiasi) contains no direct reference to the civil nation, however its content presupposes its development along this road by pointing to the need to correlate the elements of consciousness shared by all mankind and national consciousness.

To protect national consciousness against alien influence the nation develops a national idea at the ideological and theoretical levels of its consciousness to become ideologically immune. The post-Soviet nations know only too well how their consciousness was suppressed by information borrowed from class consciousness. It was a time when the national was described as a stumbling block on the road to the international.

Freed from the pressure of class consciousness, national consciousness will, for a long time, remain wary of all ideas found beyond the bounds of ethnic identity. The idea of a civil nation calls for subtle approaches and delicate treatment: national consciousness does not distinguish between it and the internationalization process: the nation loses its specific features and its specific image. The way national consciousness accepts the idea of a civil nation depends on the nations need to think about national reality differently than in the past while keeping in mind the nations interests.

So far elements that belong to all mankind occupy a small place in national consciousness even though they figure prominently in the life of nations and mankind: all sorts of group consciousness rather than social consciousness with elements shared by all mankind play the leading role in society. This is confirmed by the phenomenon of

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