David Babayan, Ph.D. (Hist.), Independent Expert


The current stage of international relations is characterized by intensive rivalry among a whole number states over the establishment of a new world order. The end of the bipolar system after the collapse of the U.S.S.R. gave rise to a systemic vacuum which the world power centers have different ideas about filling. The United States sees itself as the world leader, that is, it is essentially striving to a unipolar system. Talking in September 2010 at the Council on Foreign Relations, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said literally the following: Let me say it clearly: The United States can, must, and will lead in this new century. Several countries, in particular China and Russia, which Washington regards as its main potential rivals, do not agree with this position.

In light of the current events, the policy of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is acquiring particularly importance. It is obvious that this country is playing a very important role in world policy and that this role will continue to grow as time goes on. China has all the attributes of a great power. Several well-known experts have already classified the PRC as an economic superpower. Some of them even think that whereas during the first 30 years of the economic reforms, Chinas integration into the outside world was the key imperative, during the next three decades, the PRC will put the main emphasis on establishing a world order that encompasses the entire globe. Beijing sees the future world order as multipolar.

China in the Present-Day World

During the past few decades, China has been making phenomenal progress in its economic development and in strengthening its defense potential, while also noticeably fortifying its position in some of the planets strategically important regions. And this is keeping in mind that the country is not in a very favorable geopolitical location. China is flanked in the east by countries that have close ties with the U.S. They include Japan, with its numerous islands, South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, various island states in the Pacific, as well as Malaysia and Indonesia. Its other traditional rivals, India and Vietnam, are located in the south. Recent trends show that Washington intends to use Delhi as a counterbalance to Beijing. China borders on Russia to the north and..

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