Ashot Alexanian, Ph.D. (Political Science); Assistant Professor at the Department of Political Science, Erevan State University; Vice-President of the Integration Promotion Center (NGO); Member of the International Political Science Association (IPSA) (Erevan, Armenia)

Today it has become clear that there is no single road to democracy suitable for all.
This means that there is no common rule to identify the factors conducive to it.

Ian Shapiro


Today comparative political science treats political democratization in the Soviet successor-states as one of its central problems. We need to analyze it in order to comprehend the state of society and the health of the state as a whole. If resolved, this problem will provide us with the key to a much better understanding of the functioning of social laws in different situations, democratic modernization of the post-totalitarian states (the correlation among their political interests, behavior, and the activities of all sorts of institutions, groups, and leaders), and the meaning of national/transnational policies.

Political science has already elaborated all sorts of models of the democratization of political regimes, however, in practice, many problems of the development of deliberative processes and the politics based on them, the emergence of national polyarchy and the dynamics of the transformations in post-communist regimes are proceeding in a contradictory and ambiguous way.

The practice of democratic modernization of the post-totalitarian states demonstrated that they lacked many important social, political, economic, cultural and spiritual prerequisites of liberal-democratic transformations which were present or are present in the West European countries. This means that the theoretical models of post-totalitarian transformations should differ greatly from those applied to the studies of transformations underway in Western Europe. Radical transformations of political systems create hybrid regimes and cause instability. The multi-sectoral transformations (sociopolitical, economic, spiritual, and cultural), establishment of national statehood, and stronger security, systemic reforms and building a social system have made the post-totalitarian transit in the post-Soviet countries extremely conflict-prone; it has baffled even the political actors of these countries.

The Post-Totalitarian Nature of Regime Transit

In the post-communist countries, the widespread civil movements, which demonstrated a lot of dynamism in 1988-1991, played a civilizational role where democratization and a new political order were concerned. Society had to adjust itself to the radical social shifts caused by.

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