THE MEDIA ABOUT GEORGIAN NATIONALISM TODAY: BETWEEN THE POLITICAL NATION AND TRADITIONALISM
Maxim Kirchanov, D.Sc. (Hist.), Assistant Professor, Chair of Regional Studies and Economics of Foreign Countries, Department of International Relations FGBOU VPO Voronezh State University (Voronezh, the Russian Federation)
The author analyzes the political and traditional trends in the ideology of contemporary Georgian nationalism. He concludes that it relies on a developed political tradition and is functioning as a primarily civil movement. The Georgian Orthodox Church is developing traditional forms of Georgian identity; the traditional trends in Georgian nationalism became even more obvious in May 2013 when sexual minorities stepped up their activities. Political debates about Georgia’s role in the region and its relations with Russia have divided Georgian nationalists.
Keywords: Georgia, nationalism, identity, civil nationalism, traditionalism, the Georgian Orthodox Church.
In the post-Soviet states, nationalism carries more weight than all other ideologies, Georgia being no exception. Nationalism helped the Georgians to preserve their national identity under Soviet power; it came to the fore when Georgia regained its independence and became even more prominent in the republic’s political life during and after the August 2008 events.
Nationalism has a special role to play in the development of the intellectual expanse, while the nationalist discourse dominates much of the Georgian media. The ideology of contemporary Georgian nationalism consists of several dimensions and is, therefore, a fairly complicated phenomenon. More than that, it is developing amid diverse political (civilian) trends, gradual radicalization, and even an upheaval of ethnic nationalism.
So far, Russian historiography and political science have offered practically no academic analysis of the relations between Georgia and………….