UZBEKISTAN-TURKMENISTAN: A POLE OF MULTIVECTORAL POLICY IN CENTRAL ASIA
Mikhail Agajanian, Independent Expert (Erevan, Armenia)
Contrary to the widespread opinion, Central Asia is not a homogenous region made up of independent countries that can easily be lumped together. It is not a monolith, but a territory crisscrossed by numerous dividing lines, some of them created by different, or even opposing, foreign policy preferences of the Central Asian republics. The author has taken two of them—Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan—to demonstrate the main trends of multivectoral foreign policy pursued by the regional actors, irrespective of how relations with the external players are developing.
Keywords: Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, multivectoral foreign policy, Central Asia, the Afghan Question, the problem of water resources, energy and transport projects, Russia, the United States, CSTO, SCO.
Relations among the states responsible for the geopolitical makeup of Central Asia are not consistent at all. There are seats of ethnopolitical conflicts on the borders of at least some of them; the countries demonstrate different approaches to urgent transborder issues, hydroelectric projects, and distribution of the region’s water resources in particular.
At the same time, the Central Asian republics have been preserving regional security at a certain level by drawing on internal and external resources. The far from simple relations between some of………………