THE ROLE OF THE INSTITUTION OF INTERNATIONAL OBSERVATION IN IMPLEMENTING INTERNATIONAL ELECTION STANDARDS IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
Bermet Imanalieva, Ph.D. candidate at the Academy of State Administration under the President of the Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
This article examines the legal foundations and methodology of the activity of international observers who are following the preparations for and holding of elections. It studies the international obligations in keeping with which the election system of the Kyrgyz Republic is developing. It carries out a comparative analysis of the participation of international observers in the Kyrgyz Republic presidential elections held in 2009 and 2011. The article also presents a brief review of the recommendations for Kyrgyzstan to carry out its international obligations in the election system given by such organizations as the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights and the CIS Observer Mission.
Keywords: Kyrgyzstan, institution of international observation, international observers, international election standards, election process, OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), CIS Observer Mission, Kyrgyz Republic Central Election Commission.
Free and honest elections are an inviolable part of a democratic state. They are an important way to legitimize state power, as well as an efficient means of screening and “cultivating” a democratic sociopolitical elite.
The quality of the election legislation, its correspondence to international standards, and experience in holding democratic elections are extremely important in successfully solving such responsible tasks.
International observation of elections is carried out in order to support a fair election process that corresponds to the generally accepted standards of civil and political human rights protection in the world community.
The task of this observation lies in the assessments and recommendations that are given at the end of the elections. They help to………..