THE ADYGHE FACTOR IN THE ETHNOPOLITICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS
Oleg Bubenok, D.Sc. (Hist.), Professor, Head, Department of the Eurasian Steppe, the A. Krymsky Institute of Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine)
The 150th anniversary of the end of the Caucasian War, which caused havoc in the lives of the Circassians, coincided with the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi organized on the land where Circassians (Adyghes) had long lived. These two events revived an interest in the Circassian question and showed that the lacunae in the history of the Adyghes, making an unbiased approach to the issue, impossible should be filled with facts. Repatriation of the Circassians to the Caucasus and a unified Adyghe republic are impossible in Russia’s political reality.
Keywords: the Russo-Circassian War, the Winter Olympics, genocide, Adyghes, Adygeans, Shapsugs, Circassians, Kabardians, Adyghea, Karachaevo-Circassia, Kabardino-Balkaria, national republic, Adyghe Khase, repatriation.
On the eve of the Winter Olympics-2014 in Sochi, the Russian media, as well as the media of other countries, carefully avoided certain historical facts that were vitally important for the Adyghes who live in the Krasnodar Territory and in the republics of Adyghea, Karachaevo-Circassia, and Kabardino-Balkaria.
The year 2014 marked the 150 anniversary of the end of the so-called Caucasian War, Sochi being one of the ports through which Circassians were deported to the Ottoman Empire. The media carefully ignored the fact that the Olympic Games were organized on land that had once been home to a large number of Adyghes (Circassians), while academic publications pointed out that…………..