POLITICAL CLANS OF KYRGYZSTAN:
PAST AND PRESENT
Asyl Bolponova, Ph.D. (Hist.), Assistant Professor, Department of Baccalaureate, Academy of State Administration under the President of the Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
The author traces the history of the clan system and its evolution as part of the political processes unfolding in Kyrgyzstan. She relies on facts to demonstrate that the clan system of our days is a product of classical unification of tribes into clans.
Keywords: clan, kin, tribe, tribalism, nomads, nomenklatura clans, political-family clan, ethnoregionalism, Kyrgyzstan.
The clan system and tribalism, which figure prominently on the political scene of Kyrgyzstan, can be described as the country’s greatest problem. It adds vehemence to the power struggle between clans, breeds corruption, ignites clash of interests, encourages nepotism and political patronage, etc.
Normally, scholarly studies of the role of the state in democratization concentrate on classes and political parties and ignore the negative role of informal ties and relations that weaken the regime and destabilize it. Meanwhile, it was social groups tied together by informal rules and regulations that moved to the fore in independent Kyrgyzstan; this means that the phenomenon of tribal cohesion and the resultant regulatory tools deserve the close attention of our academic community.
Clans and their role in the political processes unfolding in Kyrgyzstan constitute a relatively recent trend of social studies in the republic that calls for a comprehensive approach. Much of what is said about these phenomena in the academic and analytical communities shows inadequate knowledge of the subject; the social response to the results of academic and analytical deliberations could develop into a behavioral model. This makes my contribution objectively important and well-timed: we need theoretical foundations to…………..