ETHNIC TRAUMA AND ITS ECHO IN TODAY’S MENTAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD AMONG THE PEOPLES OF THE POST-SOVIET STATES: AN INTERETHNIC CONFLICTING DISCOURSE UNFOLDING IN RUSSIA’S ENTHNOLINGUISTIC INFORMATION SPACE
Gennady OSIPOV, Irina KARABULATOVA, Gennady SHAFRANOV-KUTSEV, Lyudmila KONONOVA, Bigaysha AKHMETOVA, Ekaterina LOSKUTOVA, Gulsina NIYAZOVA
Gennady Osipov, D.Sc.(Philos.), Professor, Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (ISPI RAN) (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Irina Karabulatova, D.Sc. (Philol.), Professor, Chief Research Associate, Department of the Sociology of Knowledge; Head, Sector of Ethnopolitical and Sociocultural Security and Communication Technologies, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Gennady Shafranov-Kutsev, Academician, Russian Academy of Education, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Scientific Advisor, Tyumen State University (Tyumen, Russian Federation)
Lyudmila Kononova, D.Sc.(Philos.), Professor, Head, Department of the Theory and Technology of Social Work, Institute for the Professional Development and Advanced Training of Senior Executives and Specialists of the Social Security Department (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Bigaysha Akhmetova, Ph.D. (Philol.), Assistant Professor, Head, Department of the Theory of Languages and Teaching Methods, Baytursynov Kostanay State University (Kostanay, Republic of Kazakhstan)
Ekaterina Loskutova, Post-graduate student, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Gulsina Niyazova, D.Sc. (Philol.), Professor, Tyumen State University (Tyumen, Russian Federation)
Any society, particularly a polycultural and polyethnic one, cannot but be concerned about the emergence of new ethnopolitical myths and the way they outcrop in social contexts. Any study of the different aspects of this topic looks promising in the context of today’s digital information society. At present, ethnic issues mainly belong to social-historical, psychological, politological, linguistic, and culturological studies. Much has been written about the social transformations that occur during periods of transition—times of political, economic and social change. Comprehending the phenomenon of the ethnic trauma invariant in all national communities plays an important role in creating a homogenous concept of national survival. This phenomenon is related to specific historical facts that have been registered in ethnic memory as evidence of the ethnicity’s impotence in the face of threats, or as absolute injustice. Generation after generation coordinates its behavior with the historically formulated matrices of the collective unconscious to revive the memory of the most outstanding events of its past, or even distant past going back several centuries. Some of them entirely or partially offend feelings of national dignity; it is the same matrices that, as a rule, cripple a community’s group consciousness. This ethnic trauma, formed according to the laws of mythological perception, greatly affects the ways national behavioral stereotypes are shaped. In any community, past offences and their effects are hypertrophied by the collective consciousness; they develop into a drama and, as such, should be included in the compensatory mechanism of national identification. This is especially obvious during periods of economic and political instability: ethnic conflict recovered from the archives of history becomes a political tool. Today, the ongoing shaping of a new Russian statehood is keeping current the quest for fresh approaches to the theoretical aspects of state-building up to and including cooperation among peoples separated by obvious ethnic, confessional, and cultural specifics. The interaction between the nation and the state is an acute and highly ideologized problem, while the theoretical approaches to this sphere of political reality depend to such an extent on the authors’ philosophical views that it is hard to achieve understanding among the representatives of different scholarly trends. The recent radical changes in the world and in Russian society have revived the subject of ethnic existence. An “ethnic revolution” and “ethnic expansion” in all spheres of social life can be described as adequate answers to globalization—to a greater extent than before nations are determined to preserve their languages, cultures, identities, traditions, and customs.
Keywords: ethnocultural shock, cultural specifics, ethnic trauma, transformation of the mental picture of the world, ethnic myth-creation.