PROTEST BEHAVIOR OF PRESENT-DAY RUSSIAN YOUTH AS ETHNOSOCIAL DEVIATION IN AN ETHNOPOLITICAL CONFLICT-PRONE SITUATION
Irina KARABULATOVA, Irina MKRTUMOVA, Zinaida POLIVARA, Bigaysha AKHMETOVA, Svetlana GALIULLINA, Ekaterina LOSKUTOVA, Erzhan ABYLKASYMOV
Irina Karabulatova, D.Sc. (Philol.), Professor, Chief Research Associate, Department of the Sociology of Knowledge; Head, Sector of Ethnopolitical and Sociocultural Security and Communication Technologies, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Irina Mkrtumova, D.Sc. (Sociol.), Professor, Deputy Director for Scientific Analytical Research at the Institute of Supplementary Vocational Education (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Zinaida Polivara, D.Sc. (Philol.), Professor at the Department of Psycholinguistics and Defectology, Institute of Pedagogics and Psychology, Tyumen State University (Tyumen, Russian Federation)
Bigaysha Akhmetova, Ph.D. (Philol.), Assistant Professor, Department of the Theory of Languages and Teaching Methods, Baytursynov Kostanay State University (Kostanay, Republic of Kazakhstan)
Svetlana Galiullina, D.Sc. (Hist.), Professor, Vice Principal for Innovative Development, Ufa State Petroleum Technical University (Ufa, Russian Federation)
Ekaterina Loskutova, Post-graduate student, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
Erzhan Abilkasymova, Doctoral candidate, Gumilev Eurasian National University (Astana, Kazakhstan)
This article aims to give an analysis of the ethnosocial conflict-prone situation in today’s world coming from the disharmony generated by globalization in migrant-inflicted and/or ethnically troubled regions (for example, the European Union countries, Tatarstan, Chechnia, Bashkortostan, the Stavropol Territory, the Tyumen Region, and others). Today, we are seeing a trend toward a shift in diverse ethnocultural elements not only in society, but also in the psyche of the individual, which is leading to unpredictable ethnic conflict situations, as well as to an increase in social ethnic deviation processes. The media is full of reports about violence committed by youth groups (for instance, skinheads) against people they consider hostile outsider groups (for example, migrants and foreigners). This violence is much more extensive than the media shows; it is a more or less conscious form of protest behavior (for example, against Russia’s presumed occupation by other nationalities and against the supposed inability of the Russian leadership to oppose this “occupation”). This kind of protest behavior is sufficiently widespread to cause concern about its potential influence on Russia’s public structure. Not only does modern sociology fail to study factors of protest behavior among young people, it does not have a unified theory of protest behavior or a unified methodology for studying it either, which makes solving practical, including managerial, tasks in this sphere highly problematic. The study of ethnosocial deviation in the context of state integrity has either not been examined at all in the past, or has been presented fragmentarily without any attempt at in-depth analysis.
The authors propose ethnosocial propaedeutics for stabilizing difficult polyethnic regions. Cross-cultural interaction among the representatives of different nations in the multiethnic conditions of today’s world is creating a stable local flair that expresses the regional specifics of the material and spiritual culture and language. The authors are the first to propose a new approach to tolerance and prevention of ethnic conflicts, designating it as an ethnosocial propaedeutic approach. Current ethnosocial propaedeutics is based on an understanding of the evolutionary transition from an ethnocentric position to cultural relativism. The main thesis of cultural relativism is “all cultures are different, but they are equal,” postulating the understanding of the equality of all cultures, values, and traditions for civilization. Distortion of the principles of cultural relativism is the main reason for the emergence of pessimistic stereotypes and tenets, as well as negative prejudices and preconceptions regarding the representatives of another ethnic culture.
Keywords: protest behavior, ethnic conflict-prone situation, Russian youth, ethnosocial deviation, ethnosocial propaedeutics.