POLITICAL TRANSFORMATION OF PUBLIC-POWER ORGANIZATION AND THE COLOR REVOLUTION TECHNOLOGY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Alexey MAMYCHEV, Diana MAMYCHEVA, Valeria KRUPNITSKAYA, Alla TIMOFEEVA
Alexey Mamychev, D.Sc. (Political Science), Ph.D. in Law, Assistant Professor, Head of the Department of Theory and History of Russian and Foreign Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service (Vladivostok, Russian Federation)
Diana Mamycheva, Ph.D. (Culturology), Assistant Professor, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service (Vladivostok, Russian Federation)
Valeria Krupnitskaya, Ph.D. (Law), Assistant Professor, Head of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure, Siberian Institute of Administration—Branch of the Russian Academy of National Economy and State Service under the President of the Russian Federation (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
Alla Timofeeva, Ph.D. (Hist.), Professor, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service (Vladivostok, Russian Federation)
The authors analyze the ways the political systems in the post-Soviet space have been modernized and the technologies of the color revolutions associated with them. In the last two decades, political science has been moving away from the universalist future of the liberal-democratic political order of Western Europe and the United States as the only possible scenario for all other states. This means that fully-fledged institutional borrowings are impossible and that political science should address new problems, viz. newly formulated aims and means of modernization. Today, the impact of the deliberative institutions and practices on the choice of development trajectories and consistent stability of the course toward modernization has become one of the main trends of study. Political modernization of public-power organization is discussed within the sociocultural approach to the transformations of the social system. Globalization has facilitated the spread of knowledge and information, but also generated all sorts of manipulations on a mass scale, as well as symbolic violence. The color revolution technologies are actively applied in the post-Soviet space through symbolic violence intended to consolidate Western influence and undermine Russia’s international positions.
The authors treat political transformations as a wider category that goes beyond what is called modernization and which is, in fact, one of the transformation processes interpreted as evolutionary, revolutionary (spasmodic) or pendular forms of the development of political institutions and the system of power relations. The unified informational or wider sociocultural space that is taking shape worldwide is one of the driving forces behind globalization that allows all sorts of actors to interfere in the political life of sovereign states. The information society has created a situation in which the strategies and tactics of social behavior of the actors at all levels depend, to a great and increasing extent, on their ability to respond to the information flows. Today, the problems of destruction of political regimes and those of the color revolutions related to them have become extremely acute and topical. Indeed, the old tools used to destroy political regimes have been replaced by more subtle levers of foreign policy pressure, a combination of the use of force, brainwashing technologies, and manipulation of the behavior of the broad public.
Keywords: power, culture, modernization, political system, public-power organization, transformation, color revolutions.