NEW SILK ROAD: OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS FOR CENTRAL ASIA (A VIEW FROM KAZAKHSTAN)
Amina AUBAKIROVA, Samazhan UMIRZAKOV, Nurakhmet AITENOV
Amina Aubakirova, D.Sc. (Geography), Professor in Economics of the Higher Attestation Commission of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan; Professor at the Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Narxoz University Joint Stock Company (Almaty, Kazakhstan)
Samazhan Umirzakov, D.Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Dean of the School of Economics and Management, Narxoz University Joint Stock Company (Almaty, Kazakhstan)
Nurakhmet Aitenov, MA in International Relations, Top Expert of the School of Economics and Management, Narxoz University Joint Stock Company (Almaty, Kazakhstan)
In connection with the Chinese project One Belt, One Road, the article deals with geopolitical aspects of the ways of its implementation. The focus is on the participation of Kazakhstan and the post-Soviet countries of Transcaucasia and Central Asia in the project. Highlighted are the geopolitical interests of Russia and China, Turkey and Iran, as well as the extra-regional powers—the European Union and the United States. An attempt is made to outline new threats and risks for the region in connection with the building of the New Silk Road. Contributors represent their point of view mainly through the prism of the interests of Kazakhstan.
Keywords: Central Asia, New Silk Road (NSR), the participation of China, Russia, and Western countries in the construction of the NSR, the risks and challenges for Central Asia.